Oil

Implementation indicators

  • Stockholding obligation

    Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    The current legislative framework imposes an obligation on the industry to keep oil stocks in the amount of 5% of the company’s oil storage capacity but not for emergency oil stocks purposes. The draft Law on Compulsory Oil Stocks should be adopted as soon as possible.   

  • Emergency procedures

    Emergency procedures

    Currently, no procedures are in place to release emergency oil stocks. However, the draft Law foresees that the Government shall, on a proposal of the Minister in charge for oil, adopt a Response Plan with reserves to be released in the case of a supply interruption.

  • Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for NRMM

    Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)

    With the 2017 Administrative Instruction on the Quality of Petroleum-derived Liquid Fuels, Kosovo* has transposed the main requirements of the Fuel Quality Directive. This Instruction applies to petrol and diesel in accordance with European standards. The sulphur content of gas oil for NMRR is not specified and leaves room for misinterpretation.

  • Monitoring compliance and reporting

    Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    The suppliers are obliged to guarantee the quality of petroleum-derived liquid fuels placed on the market. The quality is verified via laboratory tests as set out in the annual quality monitoring programme. There are detailed penalty measures specified in the current legislation. In case the fuels do not meet the technical requirements after testing, they must be withdrawn from the market.

State of compliance

In Kosovo*, the main law governing the oil sector is the Oil Market Law of 2005, as amended in 2009. The Ministry of Trade and Industry (responsible for oil and petroleum products) drafted a new Law on Compulsory Oil Stockholding in March 2014. The draft Law was expected to be adopted in the fourth quarter of 2020 or first quarter of 2021. However, its approval by the Government and subsequent adoption by the Parliament is still pending.

Kosovo* has transposed the main provisions of the Fuel Quality Directive. Sulphur content in gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NMRR) should also be specified.