Climate

Implementation indicators

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    The Law on Climate Action, finalized during this reporting period, is expected to be adopted by the end of 2021. It will set the legal obligations for the institutionalization of a national GHG emissions inventory system and for policies, measures and projections. A long-term strategy on climate action has been adopted by the Government on 1 September 2021. 

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    North Macedonia’s NECP is still to be finalized and adopted. 

State of compliance

North Macedonia submitted its revised National Determined Contribution (NDC2) to the UNFCCC Secretariat in April 2021. The document envisages a 51% reduction of GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. It is focused on mitigation and echoes the green scenario from the National Strategy for Energy Development up to 2040. Policies and measures on Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) are also reflected. The third Biannual Update Report to the UNFCCC was submitted in June 2021. The fourth National Communication is expected to be finalized in the first half of 2022.

The long-term strategy was adopted by the Government, while the adoption of the Law on Climate Action is still pending. The preparation of the GHG inventory is still project based, a shortcoming the Law on Climate Action and related secondary legislation is expected to rectify. A rulebook for determining the national inventory system, the system of policies, measures and projections, the manner and form of reporting information on policies and measures, determining the list of authorities, organizations and other entities that have data on activities for determining the GHG inventory as well as a list of preliminary data for activities has been drafted.

North Macedonia was the first Contracting Party to submit its draft NECP and receive the Secretariat’s formal recommendations in 2020. Yet it still has not adopted the plan. The document was updated in summer 2021 taking into account impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic and put out for public consultation. North Macedonia was also the first Contracting Party to commit to a coal phase-out (by 2027) as a member of the Powering Past Coal Alliance.