Oil

Implementation indicators

  • Stockholding obligation

    Stockholding obligation

    The Law on Compulsory Oil Reserves, which transposes Directive 2009/119/EC, was adopted on 1 January 2021. In practice, oil stocks corresponded to 52 days of average daily consumption in September 2021, a decrease from September 2020 when stocks stood at 80 days. 

  • Emergency procedures

    Emergency procedures

    The Law on Compulsory Oil Reserves foresees that the Government will adopt a decision on releasing compulsory reserves into circulation in the case of an oil supply emergency. The Intervention Plan was adopted and published by the Government in January 2021. It put in place the necessary procedures and measures in order to enable the competent authorities to release quickly, effectively and transparently emergency stocks in the event of a major supply disruption. 

  • Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for NRMM

    Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)

    North Macedonia transposed the main provisions of the Fuel Quality Directive in 2007. The environmental specifications of petrol and diesel are in conformity with European standards but not for gas oil for NRMM. 

  • Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    The quality of the oil fuels placed on the market is monitored by the supplier pursuant to the annual plan for monitoring of the quality of liquid fuels, prepared and implemented by the Ministry in charge of energy. Penalty provisions for non-compliance with fuel quality standards are stipulated in the Law on Product Safety. 

State of compliance

The Law on Compulsory Oil Reserves, adopted already in October 2014, finally came into effect on 1 January 2021. In June 2021, the Law was amended to transpose Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2018/1581 on the Methods for Calculating Stockholding Obligations and align with the new Energy Law and the Misdemeanours Law. As of 13 July 2021, the Directorate of Compulsory Reserves of Oil and Oil Derivatives became the Compulsory Oil Reserves Agency (MACORA), as the central body responsible for the formation and maintenance of compulsory oil reserves.

As of September 2021, the average occupancy level of the compulsory oil reserves, calculated in accordance with the new methodology prescribed in Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2018/1581, corresponded to 52 days of the average daily net imports, as daily net imports are greater than daily inland consumption. There was considerable revert in oil stockpiling during the reporting period due to the different methods for calculating the stockholding obligation in compliance with Implementing Directive (EU) 2018/1581. The oil stocks corresponding to the average daily consumption shrunk by 28 days compared to the last reporting period. This decrease of average daily net imports may cause non-fulfilment of the final 90 days obligation by 1 January 2023.

In the reporting period, activities on the preparation of draft by-laws, including those transposing Annexes I - IV of Directive 2009/119/EC, continued. The majority of the by-laws were already adopted by the competent authorities during the first and second quarter of 2021. The Action Plan for formation of mandatory reserves was adopted in May 2021.

North Macedonia’s legal framework conforms to the Fuel Quality Directive to a large extent. The most critical issue is the non-specification of the sulphur content of the gas oil used for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM).

In accordance with the current Energy Law, the Government of North Macedonia should adopt a new Rulebook on the Quality of Liquid Fuels within 18 months from the date of entry into force of the 2018 Energy Law. The act’s adoption is pending.